Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory 2 (2019): “Priboi” Files: Articles and Documents of the March Deportation of 1949

Ed. Meelis Saueauk and Meelis Maripuu

The March deportation, or Operation Priboi, was USSR’s most extensive deportation operation of the post-war years, affecting all three Baltic states. The aim of the operation was to eliminate resistance to collectivisation in rural areas. The book contains a complete Estonian translation of the Estonian SSR’s Ministry of National Security’s “Priboi” file, as well as other documents related to the operation. The book also includes seven academic articles that examine various aspects of the March deportation.

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2020, 536 pp.

Publication is available at Tartu University Press.





Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory 1 (2018) = Eesti Mälu Instituudi toimetised 1 (2018): Sovetisation and Violence: The Case of Estonia.

Ed. Meelis Saueauk and Toomas Hiio

A collection of articles by the members of the Institute’s research team and historians associated with the Institute. The book focuses primarily on the most violent period of the era of Soviet occupation, i.e. the second half of the 1940s and the early 1950s. The articles examine political terror, the policies of the Soviet Union and some theoretical issues.

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2018, 336 pp.

Publication is available at Tartu University Press.






Other publications


Indrek Paavle. At the Will of Power. Selected articles

Indrek Paavle (1970-2015) was one of Estonia’s most prominent historians, who tragically perished in 2015. Paavle’s good friends and colleagues have collected 22 of his academic and popular writings from 1996 to 2015 into a memorial collection. The latter form the most important and best part of his research. The book also contains new material for Estonian readers, as some studies that were first published in English, have now been republished according to Estonian manuscripts.

The collection is helpful for historians as well as for anyone interested in recent Estonian history.

The book can be purchased online from the National Archives of Estonia, Apollo and Rahva Raamat.

National Archives of Estonia, Tartu, 2020, 711 p.



Memorial to the Victims of Communism

On 23 August 2018, the memorial to the victims of communism was opened in Maarjamäe, Tallinn, merging memories, history and architecture. In two years it has become an inseparable part of our commemoration culture. The memorial received the Structure of the Year award in 2019 as well as the Good Public Space award from the Cultural Endowment of Estonia.

The profusely illustrated album features various views of the memorial, taken by photographer Arne Maasik. The book also gives a short overview of the crimes committed by the communist regime in Estonia as well as of the development of Maarjamäe commemoration area.

The album is available in Rahva Raamat.

Estonian Institute of Historical Memory, 2020, 96 p.



Communism is a Prison. Patarei exhibition area 

The communist Soviet Union (in Estonia 1940-1941, 1944-1991) imprisoned innocent people on ideological grounds in the historic Patarei fortress. Patarei is one of hundreds of such places around the world. The exhibition area “Communism is Prison” introduces totalitarian ideology and its implementation, warns against the dangerousness of such ideas and reminds us of the value of human dignity and freedom.

The booklet is available at the Patarei prison exhibition area.

Estonian Institute of Historical Memory: 2020, 41 p.




Before Tito: The Communist Party of Yugoslavia during the Great Purge (1936–1940)

Author: Stefan Gužvica

The manuscript won the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory’s international research competition in 2018 in the category of unpublished works and was released in cooperation with Tallinn University Press in the series ACTA Universitatis Tallinnensis.

The publication is available at Tallinn University Press.






Isikute lühiandmed Eesti kommunismiohvrite memoriaalile 1940-1991: kommunismiohvrite nimekiri memoriaalil 23.08.2018.

Ed. Meelis Maripuu

Tallinn: Eesti Represseeritute Registri Büroo; Eesti Mälu Instituut, 2018, 240 pp.

Publication is not available.






Purjetamine vabadusse: eestlaste uskumatu mereretk üle Atlandi

Author: Voldemar Veedam.

Tallinn: Unitas; Eesti Mälu Instituut, 2017, 333 pp.

Publication is available in Apollo and Rahva Raamat.







Historical memory versus communist identity: proceedings of the conference “The shaping of identity and personality under communist rule : history in the service of totalitarian regimes in Eastern Europe”, Tallinn, 9-10 June 2011.

Edited by Meelis Saueauk

Tartu: University of Tartu Press, 2014, 164 pp.

Book is available at OAPEN.





The power of freedom: Central and Eastern Europe after 1945

Author: Mart Laar

Tallinn: Sihtasutus Unitas, 2010, 272 pp.

E-publication available in Rahva Raamat and Amazon.







Estonia since 1944: reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity.

Edited by Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu, Indrek Paavle

Tallinn: Inimsusevastaste Kuritegude Uurimise Eesti Sihtasutus, 2009, 718 pp.

Publication available at the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory.

Report of the Max Jakobson Commission based on the publication in English; in Estonian; in Russian.





Estonia 1940-1945: reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity.

Edited by Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu and Indrek Paavle

Tallinn: Inimsusevastaste Kuritegude Uurimise Eesti Sihtasutus, 2006, 1337 pp.

Publication available at the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory.

Reports of the Max Jakobson Commission based on the publication in English (1940-1941; 1941-1944); in Estonian (1940-1941; 1941-1944); in Russian (1940-1941; 1941-1944).








  • Memorial to Estonia’s Victims of Communism 1940-1991 – database. People who have been extrajudicially repressed or groundlessly convicted by the Soviet occupying regime in 1940-1991 and are subject to rehabilitation according to the act of the Republic of Estonia concerning the rehabilitation of persons who have been extrajudicially repressed and groundlessly convicted are entered in this database. Additionally, the database includes: persons who perished directly in the course of communist terror; sufferers who were released from imprisonment or exile; persons who were on the lists to be deported but who were not deported, and persons whose fate is unknown.
  • Kommunismipärand Eestis – digiarhiiv. This digital archive contains material on the communist heritage from the Archives of the Heritage Society of Estonia and materials related to the communist period from the Estonian War Museum, which includes various documents and audio files. In order to simplify the research, a list of all sources and a manual of the materials of the Estonian Heritage Society are available.
  • Eestlased Saksa koonduslaagrites – andmebaas. The Estonian Institute of Historical memory, in the years 2013-2014, with the support of the Estonian National Archives, compiled a database of Estonian residents in concentration camps in Poland and Germany during the Second World War from 1941 to 1944. The completed database contains information found in the Estonian State Archives, the Stutthof concentration camp archive and the International Tracing Service.