Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory 3 (2021): Propaganda, Immigration, and Monuments. Perspectives on Methods Used to Entrench Soviet Power in Estonia in the 1950s-1980s
Ed. Meelis Saueauk and Meelis Maripuu
Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2022, 282 pp.
The 3rd edition of the Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory examines various methods used in establishing and shaping the Soviet social order, including information and migration policy, putting together a pseudo-assembly of people’s representatives, and propaganda in memory politics. The latter manifested in the destruction of monuments from the period of Estonian independence and in the erection of new monuments. The selection of articles examines the inner workings of the Soviet regime’s ideological manipulation, an inseparable part of which was the demolition of the social structure and consciousness of Estonia’s independence period, and replacing it with a social order shaped in the spirit of Soviet doctrines.
The publication is available at Tartu University Press.
Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory 2 (2019): “Priboi” Files: Articles and Documents of the March Deportation of 1949
Ed. Meelis Saueauk and Meelis Maripuu
The March deportation, or Operation Priboi, was USSR’s most extensive deportation operation of the post-war years, affecting all three Baltic states. The aim of the operation was to eliminate resistance to collectivisation in rural areas. The book contains a complete Estonian translation of the Estonian SSR’s Ministry of National Security’s “Priboi” file, as well as other documents related to the operation. The book also includes seven academic articles that examine various aspects of the March deportation.
Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2020, 536 pp.
Publication is available at Tartu University Press.
Proceedings of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory 1 (2018) = Eesti Mälu Instituudi toimetised 1 (2018): Sovetisation and Violence: The Case of Estonia.
Ed. Meelis Saueauk and Toomas Hiio
A collection of articles by the members of the Institute’s research team and historians associated with the Institute. The book focuses primarily on the most violent period of the era of Soviet occupation, i.e. the second half of the 1940s and the early 1950s. The articles examine political terror, the policies of the Soviet Union and some theoretical issues.
Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2018, 336 pp.
Publication is available at Tartu University Press.
Estonian-born Jew Reny Klas-Glass (1911–2006) returned to Tallinn from Berlin in the late 1930s, in order to escape anti-Jewish terror. Unknowingly, she fell victim to communist terror and was deported from Estonia during the June deportation of 1941. She was released from settlement after Stalin’s death in 1955. The memoirs of Reny Klas-Glass have been noted down based on her stories about the deportation of 1941 and a short period of settlement in summer and autumn of 1941. The book was published with the support of the Embassy of Germany in Estonia and is available here.
Death must wait. Georg Heitmann’s diary from 1945–1947
Compiled by Olev Liivik
Georg Heitmann’s (1875–1955) diary tells the author’s story about his life and deportation in 1945. The diary ended up in Estonia when he fled in 1947. Heitmann’s grandchild Inna-Maia Paiken gave the diary to the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory in 2019, and the book has now been published in Estonian. The book can be purchased here.
Daniel R. Bonenkamp
The book’s manuscript was the 2021 winner of the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory’s international research competition in the category of unpublished papers. The book has been published in cooperation with University of Tartu Press as the first book in the Institute’s new scholarly series Studies on the history of totalitarianism.
Indrek Paavle. At the Will of Power. Selected articles
Indrek Paavle (1970-2015) was one of Estonia’s most prominent historians, who tragically perished in 2015. Paavle’s good friends and colleagues have collected 22 of his academic and popular writings from 1996 to 2015 into a memorial collection. The latter form the most important and best part of his research. The book also contains new material for Estonian readers, as some studies that were first published in English, have now been republished according to Estonian manuscripts.
The collection is helpful for historians as well as for anyone interested in recent Estonian history.
National Archives of Estonia, Tartu, 2020, 711 p.
Memorial to the Victims of Communism
On 23 August 2018, the memorial to the victims of communism was opened in Maarjamäe, Tallinn, merging memories, history and architecture. In two years it has become an inseparable part of our commemoration culture. The memorial received the Structure of the Year award in 2019 as well as the Good Public Space award from the Cultural Endowment of Estonia.
The profusely illustrated album features various views of the memorial, taken by photographer Arne Maasik. The book also gives a short overview of the crimes committed by the communist regime in Estonia as well as of the development of Maarjamäe commemoration area.
The album is available in Rahva Raamat.
Estonian Institute of Historical Memory, 2020, 96 p.
Communism is a Prison. Patarei exhibition area
The communist Soviet Union (in Estonia 1940-1941, 1944-1991) imprisoned innocent people on ideological grounds in the historic Patarei fortress. Patarei is one of hundreds of such places around the world. The exhibition area “Communism is Prison” introduces totalitarian ideology and its implementation, warns against the dangerousness of such ideas and reminds us of the value of human dignity and freedom.
The booklet is available at the Patarei prison exhibition area.
Estonian Institute of Historical Memory: 2020, 41 p.
Before Tito: The Communist Party of Yugoslavia during the Great Purge (1936–1940)
Author: Stefan Gužvica
The manuscript won the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory’s international research competition in 2018 in the category of unpublished works and was released in cooperation with Tallinn University Press in the series ACTA Universitatis Tallinnensis.
The publication is available at Tallinn University Press.
Isikute lühiandmed Eesti kommunismiohvrite memoriaalile 1940-1991: kommunismiohvrite nimekiri memoriaalil 23.08.2018.
Ed. Meelis Maripuu
Tallinn: Eesti Represseeritute Registri Büroo; Eesti Mälu Instituut, 2018, 240 pp.
Publication is not available.
Purjetamine vabadusse: eestlaste uskumatu mereretk üle Atlandi
Author: Voldemar Veedam.
Tallinn: Unitas; Eesti Mälu Instituut, 2017, 333 pp.
Historical memory versus communist identity: proceedings of the conference “The shaping of identity and personality under communist rule : history in the service of totalitarian regimes in Eastern Europe”, Tallinn, 9-10 June 2011.
Edited by Meelis Saueauk
Tartu: University of Tartu Press, 2014, 164 pp.
Book is available at OAPEN.
The power of freedom: Central and Eastern Europe after 1945
Author: Mart Laar
Tallinn: Sihtasutus Unitas, 2010, 272 pp.
Reports of the Estonian International Commission (Max Jakobson Commission) for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity
Estonia since 1944: reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity.
Edited by Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu, Indrek Paavle
Tallinn: Inimsusevastaste Kuritegude Uurimise Eesti Sihtasutus, 2009, 718 pp.
Publication available at the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory.
Edited by Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu and Indrek Paavle
Tallinn: Inimsusevastaste Kuritegude Uurimise Eesti Sihtasutus, 2006, 1337 pp.
Publication available at the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory and online.
- Hiio, Toomas About the Crimes Committed by the Totalitarian Regimes in Estonia, APPENDIX
- Hiio, Toomas Tallinn and Tatarbunary: attempted invasions 90 years ago
- Hiio, Toomas About History, Us and Ukraine
- Kaasik, Peeter On the Attitudes of Residents of the Estonian SSR in State Security and Communist Party Reports in the Post-Stalinist Era
- Maripuu, Meelis Cold War show trials in Estonia: Justice and propaganda in the balance
- Liivik, Olev Formation of the Supreme Soviet of the ESSR
- Paavle, Indrek The evolution, regulation and implementation of the Soviet internal passport system in the Estonian SSR
- Paavle, Indrek The evolution, regulation and implementation of the Soviet internal passport system in the Estonian SSR, Part II
- Paavle, Indrek Regulation and control of the Border Regime in the Estonian SSR
- Pilve, Eli Ideological education at late-stalinist Estonian SSR schools
- Remmel, Atko Believers, Human Rights and Freedom of Speech in Soviet Estonia
- Saueauk, Meelis About the “Power vertical” in the Estonian SSR 1940-1991
- Memorial to Estonia’s Victims of Communism 1940-1991 – database. People who have been extrajudicially repressed or groundlessly convicted by the Soviet occupying regime in 1940-1991 and are subject to rehabilitation according to the act of the Republic of Estonia concerning the rehabilitation of persons who have been extrajudicially repressed and groundlessly convicted are entered in this database. Additionally, the database includes: persons who perished directly in the course of communist terror; sufferers who were released from imprisonment or exile; persons who were on the lists to be deported but who were not deported, and persons whose fate is unknown.
- Kommunismipärand Eestis – digiarhiiv. This digital archive contains material on the communist heritage from the Archives of the Heritage Society of Estonia and materials related to the communist period from the Estonian War Museum, which includes various documents and audio files. In order to simplify the research, a list of all sources and a manual of the materials of the Estonian Heritage Society are available.
- A database of Estonians in German concentration camps. A database on Estonian residents that were sent to concentration camps in Germany and occupied Poland during World War II between 1941 and 1944. The University of Tartu’s Institute of History and Archaeology and the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory started working on the database in 2007-2008. The work was completed in 2013-2014 by the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory. The completed database contains information found in the National Archives of Estonia, the Stutthof concentration camp archive, and the International Tracing Service. The research was supported by the Ministry of Education and Research and the National Archives of Estonia in the framework of the Compatriots’ scholarship programme.